Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 2022-06-19T20:07:06-03:00 Mauro L. Condé Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription"><em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> is an open-access semiannual [June and December] online journal published by the <a title="PPGH-UFMG" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Graduate Program in History</a> (Science and Culture in History) of <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal University of Minas Gerais</a> (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais).</div> <div> </div> <div><em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> promotes scholarly research in the historiography of science and chronicles its history and criticism. Although historiography of science is a sub-discipline of History, we construe this subject broadly to include analysis of the historiography of science produced by history of science, philosophy of science, science education and related disciplines. By focusing its analysis on the different historical, social and epistemological implications of science, historiography of science is a transversal knowledge with respect to the production of science, hence the name of this journal. In order to accomplish its purpose, <em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> discusses historical, theoretical, conceptual and methodological aspects of the different themes, works and authors present in this tradition, as well as the new approaches in the recent historiography of science.</div> Michel Foucault and the Historiography of Science 2022-06-13T11:47:32-03:00 Marlon Salomon <p>From the Editor</p> <p>Special Issue<br>Michel Foucault and the Historiography of Science</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Marlon J. Salomon Essays on the History and Philosophy of Chemistry 2022-06-17T15:15:14-03:00 Carlos A. L. Filgueiras <p>Book Review</p> <p>Zaterka, Luciana and Mocellin, Ronei Clécio. <em>Ensaios de História e Filosofia da Química</em> (Essays on the History and Philosophy of Chemistry). São Paulo: Editora Ideias e Letras, 2022, 328 p. ISBN 978-658729531-2</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Carlos A. L. Filgueiras Dominique Lecourt (February 5th, 1944 – May 1st, 2022) 2022-06-13T12:15:09-03:00 Tiago Santos Almeida <p><strong>Obituary</strong></p> <p><strong>Dominique Lecourt (February 5th, 1944 – May 1st, 2022)</strong></p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tiago Santos Almeida Number and Things 2022-06-17T14:51:19-03:00 María Laura Martínez <p>Ian Hacking has repeatedly pointed out the influence that the work of Michel Foucault had early in his work, an influence that came mainly through his reading of Foucault’s <em>Les Mots et les Choses</em> (1966). In this sense, it is reasonable to trace the Foucauldian lineage in many of the notions Hacking proposes for “<em>how we found out how to find out”</em> (Hacking 2010, April 21, 3), and, more particularly, in the latter’s assessment of how to work in the human sciences is carried forth. However, I argue that Foucault exerted an even more fundamental influence that underlies the totality of Hacking’s work: namely, having stimulated Hacking’s interest in analyzing the historical conditions of possibility of the emergence of scientific objects and concepts. To show this, in this article, I first focus on two works by Hacking—<em>The Emergence of Probability</em>&nbsp;(1975) and <em>Why Does Language Matter to Philosophy</em>? (1975a)—in which he adopts an archeological perspective which, I argue, clearly adumbrates Foucault’s influence. I then turn to <em>The Taming of Chance</em> (1990), <em>Rewriting the Soul</em>&nbsp;(1995) and <em>Mad Travelers</em>&nbsp;(1998), where I contend that, added to the archeological contributions, it is possible to identify traces of Foucault’s genealogical period.</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 María Laura Martínez Heterotopia as a Reconstruction of the History of Ideas 2022-06-19T17:05:27-03:00 Débora Bráulio Santos <p>This paper proposes an analysis of the work <em>The order of things </em>by Michel Foucault, based on the notion of <em>heterotopia, </em>to demonstrate that the author develops there an original procedure of re-reading the history of ideas, which consists of the rearrangement of elements canonized by historiography, creating new relations between them, as well as in the insertion of unusual or heterodox elements. We then show how Ian Hacking reappropriates this heterotopic procedure in <em>The emergence of probability and </em>how it influences the heart of the author’s philosophical project, whose unique reading of archaeology brings it back to epistemology, either through the idea of “immature science” or through his notion of “styles of scientific reasoning.” Understanding the conditions for the formation of our ideas denaturalizes our current ways of thinking, opening new possibilities for thought and action. The relevance and potential that this heterotopic procedure has for contemporary epistemology are thus evident.</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Débora Bráulio Santos L’État, C’est Moi? 2022-06-19T17:15:57-03:00 Daniel R. Quiroga-Villamarín <p>Across the humanities and the social sciences, Foucault’s work has often taken wildly divergent routes. As an unexpected corollary, some of his interventions have been compartmentalized into different fields — with few attempts to read his different contributions across disciplinary boundaries. Conversely, in this article, I place Foucault’s early works on the history of Western systems of thought (and, in particular, <em>The Order of Things</em>) with some of his later interventions on sovereignty and punishment (and, in particular, <em>Security, Territory, Population </em>and <em>Discipline &amp; Punish</em>). I draw from his early archeological explorations of the Western <em>episteme(s)</em>, which have not been comprehensively explored by legal scholars, to reread his later works as an archeological exploration of the production of knowledge relative to sovereignty. This allows placing Foucault’s early epistemological and methodological concerns at the forefront of his later work on the “withering away” of public law in the Western imagination.</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Daniel R. Quiroga-Villamarín Foucault and the “Noble Sciences” 2022-06-19T16:55:03-03:00 Jorge Alberto Rocha <p>“Noble sciences” was a term sometimes used by Michel Foucault to refer mostly to Mathematics and Physics (and, to a lesser extent, Chemistry). This article explores this notion, based on <em>Dits et écrits</em>, understanding that there is a strong connection between this term and a reflection on “enlightenment”, or <em>Aufklärung</em>. But how has this heritage unfolded in our days? We will discuss this theme, advancing to the text “La vie: l’experience et la science”, where another important associated question will appear: how to understand what can give Philosophy “dignity” amid the extension of that Kantian tradition?</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Jorge Alberto Rocha “The Use of Pleasure” of learning 2022-06-17T15:03:22-03:00 André Fantin Ivã Gurgel <p>In this article, we present the work of the French thinker Michel Foucault, which, it can be argued, is centred on the Subject as a guiding concept and is divided into three perspectives of this concept, or axes of analysis, which also constitute crude markers of a diachronic evolution of Foucault’s thought: the archaeological (being-knowledge), the genealogical (being-power) and the ethical (being-with-oneself). Among these three axes, the first is more strongly linked to the study of science and is associated with the historical epistemology of Bachelard and Canguilhem. However, we present some recent works by historians of science who have taken scientific pedagogy as an object, making the second axis of analysis the starting point for a theoretical model of this domain of scientific practice in history. Finally, we promote a potential complementation of this model by including elements of the third axis of analysis, which these other authors do not discuss.</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Ivã Gurgel, André Fantin Foucault and Starobinski 2022-06-19T17:25:26-03:00 Malika Sager <p>In <em>The Birth of the Clinic</em>, Foucault sweeps both bibliographical references and academic deference aside, thumbing his nose at historians of medicine and initiating a <em>bras d’honneur</em> towards traditional historiography. In this article, we will first recall the context of the reception of Foucault’s translation, where we see Anglo-Saxon readers swinging between admiration and repulsion when reading <em>The Birth of the Clinic</em>. <em>An archeology of Medical Perception</em>. We will then demonstrate how Jean Starobinski’s account of it, “Gazing at Death”, differs from those of his English-speaking peers. Finally, we will explain why we read in it the critical relationship, in every sense of the word, that Foucault and Starobinski maintained throughout their lives.</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Malika Sager Michel Foucault as a Forerunner of the 20th Century Sociology of Knowledge 2022-06-19T17:35:42-03:00 Tanzilia A. Burganova Rinat M. Nugayev <p>Foucault’s distinctive creativity is elicited as a source of modern sociology of knowledge. His significant influence on the writings of T. S. Kuhn and his partisans, especially on the paradigm-change model, as well as on the strong program of sociology of knowledge (S. Barnes, D. Bloor et al.) is unfolded. It is contended that exactly ‘practice’ epitomizes Foucault’s pivotal notion that underlies his startling impact on the sociology of knowledge.</p> 2022-06-19T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2022 Tanzilia A. Burganova, Rinat M. Nugayev