https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/issue/feed Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 2019-08-21T09:59:59-03:00 Mauro L. Condé mauroconde@ufmg.br Open Journal Systems <div id="journalDescription"><em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> is a semiannual online journal published by the <a title="PPGH-UFMG" href="http://historia.fafich.ufmg.br/indexi.php" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Graduate Program in History</a> (Science and Culture in History) of <a href="https://ufmg.br/international-visitors" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal University of Minas Gerais</a> (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais). <em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> promotes scholarly research in the historiography of science and chronicles its history and criticism. Although historiography of science is a sub-discipline of History, we construe this subject broadly to include analysis of the historiography of science produced by history of science, philosophy of science, science education and related disciplines. By focusing its analysis on the different historical, social and epistemological implications of science, historiography of science is a transversal knowledge with respect to the production of science, hence the name of this journal. In order to accomplish its purpose, <em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> discusses historical, theoretical, conceptual and methodological aspects of the different themes, works and authors present in this tradition, as well as the new approaches in the recent historiography of science.</div> https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15059 Interview: Ilana Löwy 2019-08-21T09:56:32-03:00 Ilana Löwy lowy@vjf.cnrs.fr Ana Carolina Vimiero Gomes carolvimieiro@gmail.com <p><strong>Interviewed by:</strong></p><p>Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes in May 2019</p><p> </p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15063 Guest Editors’ Introduction 2019-08-21T09:59:16-03:00 Andrea Reichenberger andrea.reichenberger@upb.de Moema Vergara moema@mast.br <strong>Special Issue – Women in Sciences: Historiography of Science and History of Science – on the Work of Women in Sciences and Philosophy</strong> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15053 Women and Logic: What Can Women’s Studies Contribute to the History of Formal Logic? 2019-08-21T09:55:47-03:00 Karin Beiküfner karin.beikuefner@k-zwoelf.com Andrea Reichenberger andrea.reichenberger@upb.de <p>Beiküfner’s report reflects on woman’s place in the history of logic. These reflections date back to a larger research project entitled <em>Case Studies Towards the Establishment of a Social History of Logic </em>(1985–1989). The project was initiated under the direction of Professor Christian Thiel, University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, and funded by the German Research Foundation DFG. The main focus of the Erlangen research project was laid in the historical analysis of the emergence of modern logic in Great Britain and Germany during the 19th and early 20th century. This research prompted the discovery of a series of important female authors in the Anglophone and German speaking area. This led, firstly, to the question of what might be gained from the research results for the project’s objectives and, secondly, to a closer examination of the methodological demands and problems of a feminist historiography of science.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15065 Helena Antipoff: Science as a Passport for a Woman’s Career between Europe and Latin America 2019-08-21T09:59:24-03:00 Regina Helena de Freitas Campos regihfc@terra.com.br Erika Lourenço erikalourenco.mail@gmail.com Helena Antipoff was one of the pioneers in the constitution of the fields of knowledge of educational psychology and special education in Brazil. Born in Russia, Antipoff received her education in Paris and Geneva. Researches in the history of education and of psychology have revealed the innovative character of Antipoff’s work as a researcher, as a professor and as a founder of different educational institutions in Brazil, with a focus on educational and psychological care for children with disabilities or at social risk. Her career is characterized by a sound scientific approach combined with a deep commitment to the right of children and youth to education and care. These directions can be associated with her scientific training in the sciences of education in a time of social turbulence and school reform, when many women became professionals in the field of education, trying to combine family, work and militant activity. 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15066 Girls of Today and Women from the Past: When the History of Female Scientists is Used to Engage Girls with Science 2019-08-21T09:59:33-03:00 Sandra Benitez Herrera sandra.benitez.herrera@gmail.com Patrícia Figueiró Spinelli patriciaspinelli@mast.br “Girls in the Museum” is a project aimed at school students to encourage them to explore scientific careers and engage with science. To achieve its goals, the project uses a variety of methodologies during the training sessions, always emphasizing the contributions of women to science and society throughout history. In one activity, the participants had to select 14 scientists and philosophers and compile their contributions in a talk that they presented in various Museum events. 1,5 years after the first presentation, we have interviewed and analysed the impressions and memories of the girls on this activity. The results show that the participants could still remember the history of the selected scientists and understand their scientific work because they felt represented. We argue that the historiography of women in sciences is a valuable resource that can be used in all educational levels as well as museums. 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15056 Sofia A. Yanovskaya: The Marxist Pioneer of Mathematical Logic in the Soviet Union 2019-08-21T09:56:08-03:00 Dimitris Kilakos dimkilakos@hotmail.com <p>K. Marx’s 200th jubilee coincides with the celebration of the 85 years from the first publication of his “Mathematical Manuscripts” in 1933. Its editor, Sofia Alexandrovna Yanovskaya (1896–1966), was a renowned Soviet mathematician, whose significant studies on the foundations of mathematics and mathematical logic, as well as on the history and philosophy of mathematics are unduly neglected nowadays. Yanovskaya, as a militant Marxist, was actively engaged in the ideological confrontation with idealism and its influence on modern mathematics and their interpretation. Concomitantly, she was one of the pioneers of mathematical logic in the Soviet Union, in an era of fierce disputes on its compatibility with Marxist philosophy. Yanovskaya managed to embrace in an originally Marxist spirit the contemporary level of logico-philosophical research of her time. Due to her highly esteemed status within Soviet academia, she became one of the most significant pillars for the culmination of modern mathematics in the Soviet Union. In this paper, I attempt to trace the influence of the complex socio-cultural context of the first decades of the Soviet Union on Yanovskaya’s work. Among the several issues I discuss, her encounter with L. Wittgenstein is striking. </p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15057 The Impact of Women in Computer Science History: A Post-War American History 2019-08-21T09:56:15-03:00 Karina Mochetti kmochetti@ic.uff.br <p lang="en-US" align="JUSTIFY"><span style="color: #000000;">Women have always played an important role in Computer Science findings, but their importance has always been overshadowed by men. Nowadays, men outnumber women by 3 times on computing occupations in the US, but still women prove to be essential on the development of technological fields. This work intends to place women at the forefront of computer science’s history. In order to demonstrate that their work was essential for the development of current technologies, a broad historical overview is given. This overview is chronologically and thematically structured in several periods, from the early computer machines (before 1900) to our current digital society (after 2010). Finally, an outlook on the role of women in computing is given. A detailed discussion of individual contributions by women would go beyond the scope of this work. Nor can a sociological analysis of the reasons for the gender gap be provided. Nevertheless, the work wants to be more than a mere quantitative enumeration of women’s contributions to computer sciences. The essay wants to plea for the integration of these women in the literature, i.e., in the historiography of computer sciences, which requires to reconsider the self-image of this discipline.</span></p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15069 Peaks and Cliffs: An Example of the Power of Analogy Across Disciplines 2019-08-21T09:59:59-03:00 Luciano Celi luciano.celi@pi.ipcf.cnr.it The aim of this paper is to show how the studies in Energy field are intrinsically cross-disciplinary. Energy undergoes to the general Physics laws and, in particular, to the Thermodynamics ones, but often we think it like a separate field, regard, for example, to the Ecology. We show some example useful to see the analogy between those fields of study and how these analogies could enlighten the scientific explanation in both fields. 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15060 After American Studies: Rethinking the Legacies of Transnational Exceptionalism 2019-08-21T09:56:35-03:00 David Lorenzo Izquierdo dlorenzo@santjoandedeu.edu.es <p><strong>Book review</strong></p><p>Herlihy-Mera, Jeffrey. <em>After American Studies: Rethinking the Legacies of Transnational Exceptionalism</em>. New York: Routledge, 2018. 188 p.</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15051 Women in the History of Science 2019-08-21T09:55:44-03:00 Mauro L. Condé mauroconde@ufmg.br <p><strong>From the Editor</strong></p><p><strong>Special Issue – Women in Sciences: Historiography of Science and History of Science – on the Work of Women in Sciences and Philosophy</strong><strong></strong></p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/transversal/article/view/15061 Obituary: François Delaporte (1941 – 2019) 2019-08-21T09:56:37-03:00 Marlon J. Salomon marlonsalomon@ufg.br <p>Obituary: François Delaporte (1941 – 2019)</p><p>Marlon Salomon</p> 2019-06-30T00:00:00-03:00 Copyright (c) 2019 Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science