Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science <div id="journalDescription"><em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> is an open-access semiannual [June and December] online journal published by the <a title="PPGH-UFMG" href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Graduate Program in History</a> (Science and Culture in History) of <a href="" target="_blank" rel="noopener">Federal University of Minas Gerais</a> (Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais).</div> <div> </div> <div><em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> promotes scholarly research in the historiography of science and chronicles its history and criticism. Although historiography of science is a sub-discipline of History, we construe this subject broadly to include analysis of the historiography of science produced by history of science, philosophy of science, science education and related disciplines. By focusing its analysis on the different historical, social and epistemological implications of science, historiography of science is a transversal knowledge with respect to the production of science, hence the name of this journal. In order to accomplish its purpose, <em>Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science</em> discusses historical, theoretical, conceptual and methodological aspects of the different themes, works and authors present in this tradition, as well as the new approaches in the recent historiography of science.</div> Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais en-US Transversal: International Journal for the Historiography of Science 2526-2270 Historicity, Historiography, and Hope <p>Historicity is a key epistemological component of the definition of “science” proposed by authors such as Gaston Bachelard, Georges Canguilhem and Michel Foucault, and partially accepted by the Brazilian Collective Health builders. What we call the “historicity awareness” of Collective Health is the field’s recognition that there is no knowledge of health without history and that its history interferes with its results, with the conceptualization of its objects, its cognitive and technological practices, and the feasibility of its promises of enhancing the quality of life towards an equal society. This helps explain why Humanities in general and History, in particular, are ubiquitous to Health Education, where they are known as Health and Medical Humanities or, as is more usual in Brazil, Human and Social Sciences in Health. They helped to imagine an equitable health care system of which the concrete manifestation, however imperfect, is the Brazilian Unified National Health System, the SUS. Health Humanities, Medical Humanities, and History of Science and Technology are all interdisciplinary fields that challenge historiography and theory of history to look beyond the borders of our normative understanding of the historian’s professional identity – which legitimacy is achieved through specific academic training – to properly evaluate the multiple expressions of society’s relationships and engagements with history and time.</p> Tiago Santos Almeida Copyright (c) 2021 Tiago Santos Almeida 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.01 Between Reception and Reflection <p>In this work, I propose some notes for a current epistemological evaluation around <em>Whiggism</em> and <em>presentism</em> in the historiographical proposal of Guillermo Boido (1941-2013). In the first place, I will locate the topic proposed in the shared framework from the “Colloquium of Historiography of Science in Latin America (Argentina – Brazil – Uruguay): Reception, Reflection and Production.” Second, I will refer to some aspects of Boido’s academic career and I will place him in what I identify as a “second stage” of the history of science in Argentina. Third, I will dwell on some of Boido’s writings, particularly on those in which he addresses the questions of Whiggism and presentism. Fourth, I will recover some elements on the treatment of these issues in recent works carried out from the perspective of historical epistemology. Finally, in conclusion, I will propose a current epistemological evaluation of Whiggism and presentism between reception and reflection; an evaluation oriented to sustain a “critical” (Loison 2016) and “pluralist” (Chang 2021) presentism, in the face of the epistemological, ethical and political challenges of our current days.</p> Marcela Renée Becerra Batán Copyright (c) 2021 Marcela Renée Becerra Batán 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.02 The Early Days of the History of Science in Uruguay <p>In this article, I provide an initial approximation to the establishment and the early stages of the history of science in Uruguay. To do so, I focus on the first courses on the subject dictated in Uruguay and the first figures—both local and foreign—that took part in the process. With this objective, first, I examine the introduction of the discipline into the <em>Río de la Plata</em>—and into Argentina more particularly—via the arrival of European historians. I then analyze the role played by some of the first most significant figures in the history of science in Uruguay in the second quarter of the twentieth century. Finally, I explore and briefly describe the first courses dictated at the <em>Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias </em>(<em>School of Humanities and Sciences</em>) of the <em>Universidad de la República </em>(<em>University of the Republic)</em> during the mid-twentieth century.</p> María Laura Martínez Copyright (c) 2021 María Laura Martínez 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.03 Figural Co-Production <p>The aim of this article is to provide a critical revision of the notion of “reception” of academic works in general and of the histories of the sciences in particular. This will broaden the scope of the notion in a way that can include the new and unexpected receptions of the history of science in Latin America. To achieve this, I propose the concept of “figural co-production”, which I understand as a set of situated practices where the available cultural resources are appropriated, and that allows for productive interactions between heterogeneous collectives that aim for the configuration of knowledge. This theoretical proposal enables me to analyze Verónica Tozzi Thompson’s appropriation of the works of Steven Shapin and Martin Kusch in her pragmatist approach to the philosophy of history. This appropriation, I contend, can be seen as a case of reception of the shapinian history of science in Argentina.</p> María de los Ángeles Martini Copyright (c) 2021 María de los Ángeles Martini 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.04 Cernuschi vs. Papp <p>This paper aims to revisit the intellectual tension in the River Plate region surrounding a dispute between the Hungarian philosopher Desiderio Papp and the Argentine-Uruguayan physicist Félix Cernuschi when they were contenders for the Chair of <em>Scientific Thought</em> at the School of Humanities and Sciences of the Universidad de la República in Uruguay. Their disagreement was personal, political, and philosophical and divided the waters among the emerging community of physicists in the region and a group of actors who, for some time, had been devoted to the History of Science in the universities of the region. The History of Science constituted the battleground out of which it would emerge how science should be understood in a Uruguayan university that, historically speaking, had been remiss in providing an appropriate space for its development. In revisiting this event, this paper seeks to throw light on the present situation of an almost non-existent History of Science in Uruguay.</p> Juan A. Queijo Olano Copyright (c) 2021 Juan A. Queijo Olano 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.05 Some Remarks on the History of the Introduction of Alexandre Koyré in Brazil <p>This article intends to briefly reconstitute the history of the introduction of Alexandre Koyré’s work in Brazil. I do not seek to make a general analysis but just to focus on two pathways by means of which his work was introduced in this country. I endeavor to reconstitute the history of the translation of his books into Portuguese and identify the main vectors and intellectual contexts responsible for his works’ acclimatation in Brazil. Those two pathways roughly correspond to two distinct geographies and intellectual cartographies; in Rio de Janeiro, interest in his work stemmed from the introduction of French epistemological thinking in the wake of philosophers’ readings Louis Althusser’s works after the 1960s; in São Paulo, it was linked to university institutionalization of the history of science, starting in the late 1950s, initially promoted by scientists. That history enables an understanding of the major lines and forms that the history of science assumed in Brazil. Furthermore, the study permits the comprehension of the logic of the international circulation of ideas and the history of the translation of human sciences books as forms of cultural appropriation.</p> Marlon Salomon Copyright (c) 2021 Marlon Salomon 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.06 On the Writing of History of Science in Brazil in the Second Half of the 20th Century <p>The present article is elaborated in two parts. In the first part, we present a survey of authors and their works that throughout the second half of the 20th century, developed significant references for the history of science in Brazil, establishing and consolidating this field of studies in the country, with an exacerbated emphasis on the historical aspects that occurred in Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo. In the second part of the article, we present a concrete historical experience in the 19th century, in the province of Ceará, totally disregarded by the traditional and the current historiographic production of history of science. This situation ultimately raises the question: What is the history of Brazilian science? What are the determinants of the history of science in Brazil? To what extent is the history of science in Brazil national?</p> Eduardo Henrique Barbosa de Vasconcelos Copyright (c) 2021 Eduardo Henrique Barbosa de Vasconcelos 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.07 The Place of History in the History of Science <p>This article aims to reflect on the place of history in the history of science from the perspective of Brazilian historiography of science, mainly according to the thought of the Brazilian physicist and historian of science, Carlos Alvarez Maia. Since the 1990s, Maia (2013) began to question why the history of science became (and still largely remains) a “history of absent historians” in the face of the predominance of history of science in the Natural Science Departments and the absence in History Departments. The dynamic and changing historiography of science itself reaffirms the lack of historical analyses using history’s methodological and conceptual apparatus. Thus, epistemological aspects appear interrelated to political-institutional issues. Consequently, one has a political-epistemological perspective for discussing the place – or non-place – of history in the history of science. The thought of Maia (2013) acts as an essential starting point for reflection. It constitutes a possible opening in constructing a consolidation of discussions about the impacts (of the absence and the presence of the conceptual apparatus of history) in developing new historiography of science conceptually historical.</p> Andréa Mara R. S. Vieira Copyright (c) 2021 Andréa Mara Ribeiro da Silva Vieira 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.08 Shozo Motoyama (1940-2021) <p><strong>Shozo Motoyama's Obituary</strong></p> Gildo Magalhães Copyright (c) 2021 Gildo Magalhães 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.10 Culture and Knowledge under the Technopoly Regime <p>Book Review</p> <p>Richmond, Sheldon. <em>A Way through the Global Techno-Scientific Culture.</em> Cambridge Scholars Publishers, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 2020. 221 pp., ISBN: 9781527549227.</p> Thiago Costa Copyright (c) 2021 Thiago Costa 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.11 Johannes Kepler: The Order of Things <p>Book Review</p> <p>Osterhage, Wolfgang. <em>Johannes Kepler: The Order of Things</em>. Springer Biographies. Springer International Publishing, 2020. 132p. ISBN 978-3-030-46858-3/ e-book. 54,99 USD.</p> Luana Paula Goulart de Menezes Copyright (c) 2021 Luana Paula Goulart de Menezes 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.12 A Personal Review <p>Book Review</p> <p>Matthews, Michael. 2021.<em> History, Philosophy and Science Teaching: A Personal Story</em>. Singapore: Springer Nature, 2021. ISBN: 978-981-16-0557-4 - Hardcover Book 139.99, USD, E-book 109.00 USD.</p> Gustavo Rodrigues Rocha Copyright (c) 2021 Gustavo Rodrigues Rocha 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.13 Historiography of Science in South America <p>From the Editor</p> Mauro L. Condé Copyright (c) 2021 Mauro Condé 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.14 Hybrid Knowledge and the Historiography of Science <p>Originating in the field of biology, the concept of the hybrid has proved to be influential and effective in historical studies, too. Until now, however, the idea of hybrid knowledge has not been fully explored in the historiography of pre-modern science. This article examines the history of pre-Copernican astronomy and focuses on three case studies—Alexandria in the second century CE; Baghdad in the ninth century; and Constantinople in the fourteenth century—in which hybridization played a crucial role in the development of astronomical knowledge and in philosophical controversies about the status of astronomy and astrology in scholarly and/or institutional settings. By establishing a comparative framework, this analysis of hybrid knowledge highlights different facets of hybridization and shows how processes of hybridization shaped scientific controversies.</p> Alberto Bardi Copyright (c) 2021 Alberto Bardi 2021-12-25 2021-12-25 11 10.24117/2526-2270.2021.i11.09