Perception of dry mouth in adult using of removable prostheses


  • Monalisa Sena da Costa Universidade de Ribeirão Preto
  • Natália Spadini de Faria Universidade de Ribeirão Preto
  • Yara Terezinha Corrêa Silva Sousa Universidade de Ribeirão Preto
  • Silvio Rocha Corrêa da Silva Universidade de Ribeirão Preto



Saliva, Xerostomia


Aim: The purpose of this study was to assess xerostomia (dry mouth) in a sample of patients who received dental care at a dentistry course clinic and who used dentures.

Methods: This study included 80 patients, who answered a questionnaire with 12 questions that characterized the participant and addressed the sensation of dry mouth and how the person perceived it. The questionnaire was pre-tested before its final application. The statistical analyses were performed to identify the differences between the groups, establishing a significance level of 5% and applying the Fisher’s exact test.

Results: The participants of the study were, on average, 62.3 years of age, 55% of whom were female. Half (50.0%) of the participants perceived dry mouth and 72.5% had some form of chronic disease, mainly hypertension (36.1%) and diabetes (17.1%). These diseases are reflected in the high (78.8%) intake of continuous use medications. This study found that 38.8% of the participants presented harmful oral hygiene habits, mainly smoking and bruxism. The sensation of dry mouth was associated with gender, the presence of bad breath, the intake of continuous use medications, and a burning sensation in the mouth.

Conclusion: From the collected data, it is possible to conclude that xerostomia (dry mouth) was frequent in the studied population, most likely causing a negative impact on these people’s quality of life.


Download data is not yet available.


Niklander S, Veas L, Barrera C, Fuentes F, Chiappini G, Marshall M. Risk factors, hyposalivation and impact of xerostomia on oral health-related quality of life. Braz Oral Res. 2017;31:14.

Scarabelot VL, Munerato MC, Medeiros LF, Oliveira MG, Chaves ACM, Souza A, et al. Factors associated to salivary flow alterations in dry mouth female patients. Rev Dor. 2014;15:186-190.

Delporte C, Bryla A, Perret J. Aquaporins in salivary glands: from basic research to clinical applications. Int J Mol Sci. 2016;17:166.

Citak E, Tulek Z. Longitudinal quality of life in Turkish patients with head and neck cancer undergoing radiotherapy. Support Car Cancer. 2013;21:2171-83.

Soyfoo MS, Chivasso C, Perret J, Delporte C. Involvement of Aquaporins in the Pathogenesis, Diagnosis and Treatment of Sjögren’s Syndrome. Int J Mol Sci. 2018;30:19.

Tanasiewicz M, Hildebrandt T, Obersztyn I. Xerostomia of various Etiologies: a review of the literature. Adv Clin Exp Med. 2016;25:199-206.

Millsop JW, Wang EA, Fazel N. Etiology, evaluation, and management of xerostomia. Clin Dermatol. 2017;35:468-76.

Viljakainen S, Nykänen I, Ahonen R, Komulainen K, Suominen AL, Hartikainen S, et al. Xerostomia among older home care clients. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2016;44:232-8.

Villa A, Connell CL, Abati S. Diagnosis and management of xerostomia and hyposalivation. Ther Clin Risk Manag. 2015;22:45-51.

Morales-Bozo I, Ortega-Pinto A, Rojas Alcayaga G, Aitken Saavedra JP, Salinas Flores O, Lefimil Puente C, et al. Evaluation of the effectiveness of a chamomile (Matricaria chamomilla) and linseed (Linum usitatissimum) saliva substitute in the relief of xerostomia in elders. Gerodontol. 2017;34:42-8.

Tanasiewicz M, Hildebrandt T, Obersztyn I. Xerostomia of various etiologies: a review of the literature. Adv Clin Exp Med. 2016;25:199-206.

Andersson P, Johannsen A. Dental patients’ perceptions and motivation in smoking cessation activities. Acta Odontol Scand. 2016;74:285-90.

da Silva L, Kupek E, Peres KG. General health influences episodes of xerostomia: a prospective population-based study. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2017;45:153-9.

Borges GH, Araujo MS. Diagnóstico e tratamento da síndrome de ardência bucal. Rev Fam Ciclo Vida Cont Soc. 2016;4:26-32.

Silvestre FJ, Silvestre-Rangil J, López-Jornet P. Burning mouth syndrome: a review and update. Rev Neurol. 2015;60:457-63.

Mehta R. Saliva in prosthetic dentistry. Clin Dent. 2013;7:10-5.

Ozdemir T, Fowler EW, Hao Y, Ravikrishnan A, Harrington DA, Witt RL, et al. Biomaterials-based strategies for salivary gland tissue regeneration. Biomater Sci. 2016;4:592-604.

Heiser C, Hofauer B, Scherer E, Schukraft J, Knopf A. Liposomal treatment of xerostomia, odor, and taste abnormalities in patients with head and neck cancer. Head Neck. 2016;38:1232-7.

Villa A, Nordio F, Gohel A. A risk prediction model for xerostomia: a retrospective cohort study. Gerodontol. 2016;33:562-8.

Veerabhadrappa SK, Chandrappa PR, Patil S, Roodmal SY, Kumarswamy A, Chappi MK. Evaluation of xerostomia in different psychological disorders: an observational study. J Clin Diagn Res. 2016;10:24-7.

Baer AN, Walitt B. Sjögren Syndrome and other causes of sicca in older adults. Clin Geriatr Med. 2017;33:87-103.

Suri V, Suri V. Menopause and oral health. J Midlife Health. 2014;5:115-20.

Assy Z, Brand HS. A systematic review of the effects of acupunture on xerostomia and hyposalivation. BMC. 2018;18:57.

Sambataro D, Sambataro G, Dal Bosco Y, Polosa R. Present and future of biologic drugs in primary Sjögren’s syndrome. Expert Opin Biol Ther. 2017;17:63-75.

Barbe AG, Schmidt-Park Y, Hamacher S, Derman SHM, Noack MJ. Efficacy of GUM® Hydral versus Biotène® Oralbalance mouthwashes plus gels on symptoms of medication-induced xerostomia: a randomized, double-blind, crossover study. Clin Oral Investig. 2018;22:169-80.

Wolff A, Joshi RK, Ekström J, Aframian D, Pedersen AM, Proctor G, et al. A guide to medications inducing salivary gland dysfunction, xerostomia, and subjective sialorrhea: a systematic review sponsored by the world workshop on oral medicine VI. Drugs R D. 2017 Mar;17(1):1-28.

Van Bel AJ, Will T. Functional evaluation of proteins in watery and gel saliva of aphids. Front Plant Sci. 2016;15:1840.

Chambers MS, Rosenthal DI, Weber RS. Radiation-induced xerostomia. Head Neck. 2007;29:58-63.

Lovelace TL, Fox NF, Sood AJ, Nguyen AS, Day TA. Management of radiotherapy-induced salivary hypofunction and consequent xerostomia in patients with oral or head and neck cancer: meta-analysis and literature review. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. 2014;117:595-607.

Dost F, Farah CS. Stimulating the discussion on saliva substitutes: a clinical perspective. Aust Dent J. 2013;58:11-7.



How to Cite

Costa, M. S. da, Faria, N. S. de, Sousa, Y. T. C. S., & Silva, S. R. C. da. (2019). Perception of dry mouth in adult using of removable prostheses. Arquivos Em Odontologia, 55.




Most read articles by the same author(s)