A Olímpica 12 de Píndaro: tradução e comentário


  • Gustavo Henrique Montes Frade Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais


Olympian 12, epinikion, Pindar, Greek lyric poetry, contingency


Abstract: This study proposes an interpretation of Pindar’s Olympian 12 with particular attention to the theme of contingency (according to Aristotle, “that which may be otherwise”) in relation to human action. As the course of the athlete’s life and of the political history of Himera, the poem and its water images move through uncertainties and reach the accomplishment. Although Pindar recognizes the risks of hope, he shows how the constant variations of human life and the impossibility of knowing the future can result in a positive reversion of conditions in which an adverse situation leads to achievement, even when it is unlikely.


Não há dados estatísticos.


BARRETT, W. S. Pindar’s “Twelfth Olympian” and the fall of the “deinomenidai”. The Journal of Hellenic Studies. Cambridge, v. XCIII, p. 23-35, 1973.

BUNDY, E. Studia pindarica. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1986. BURNETT, A. P. Pindar’s songs for the young athletes of Aigina. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005.

CLAY, J. S. Hesiod’s cosmos. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

CROTTY, K. Song and action. Baltimore: The Johns Hopkins University Press, 1982.

DAY, J. W. The poet’s “elpis” and the opening of “Isthmian 8”. Transactions of the American Philological Association. Baltimore, v. CXXI, p. 47-61, 1991.

DES PLACES, E. Pindare et Platon. Paris: Beauchesne et ses fils, 1949.

FINLEY Jr., J. H. Pindar and Aeschylus. Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1966.

GREENGARD, C. The structure of Pindar’s epinician odes. Amsterdam: Adolf M. Hakkert Publisher, 1980.

HAMILTON, R. “Olympian 12” and the coins of Himera. Phoenix. Toronto, v. XXXVIII, n. 3, p. 261-264, 1984.

HOEY, T. Fusion in Pindar. Harvard studies in Classical Philology. Cambridge, Mass., v. LXX, p. 235-262, 1965.

MACKIE, H. Graceful errors. Pindar and the performance of praise. Ann Arbor: The University of Michigan Press, 2003.

MILLER, S. G. Arete: Greek sports from ancient sources. Third and expanded edition. Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004.

PÍNDARO. Pindari carmina cum fragmentis. Editado por H. Maehler (post B. Snell). Leipzig: Teubner, 1971.

RACE, W. H. Framing “hyperbata” in Pindar’s “Odes”. The Classical Journal. Chicago, v. XCVIII, n. 1, 2002, p. 21-33.

RACE, W. H. Elements of plot and the formal presentation in Pindar’s “Olympian 12”. The Classical Journal. Chicago, v. XCIX, n. 4, p. 373-394, 2004.

SILK, M. Pindar’s poetry as poetry. A literary commentary on “Olympian 12”. In: HORNBLOWER, S.; MORGAN, C. (org.). Pindar’s poetry, patrons and festivals. From archaic Greece to the Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, p. 177-197.

THOMAS, R. Fame, memorial, and choral poetry: the origins of epinikian poetry. An historical study. In: HORNBLOWER, S.; MORGAN, C. (org.). Pindar’s poetry, patrons and festivals. From archaic Greece to the Roman Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007, p. 141-166.

VERDENIUS, W. J. Commentaries on Pindar. Volume I, “Olympian Odes” 3, 7, 12, 14. Leiden: Brill, 1987.




Como Citar

Frade, G. H. M. (2012). A Olímpica 12 de Píndaro: tradução e comentário. Nuntius Antiquus, 8(1), 129–142. Recuperado de https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/nuntius_antiquus/article/view/17221