O Aparato Mental Homérico sob as Perspectivas de Onians, Bremmer e Clarke

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.35699/1983-3636.2021.35612

Palavras-chave:

thymós, psyché, alma, épica, Ilíada, Odisseia, Homero

Resumo

Este trabalho busca mostrar as análises feitas por três pesquisadores sobre o aparato mental homérico, cujos principais termos são κῆρ, κραδίη, φρήν/φρένες (ou πραπίδες), νοός, ψυχή e θυμός. Para isso, serão utilizadas as obras de Richard Broxton Onians (1951), The Origins of European Thought: about the Body, the Mind, the Soul, the World, Time, and Fate; Jan Bremmer (1983), The Early Greek Concept of the Soul; e Michael Clarke (1999), Flesh and Spirit in the Songs of Homer: A Study of Words and Myths.

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Referências

BREMMER, Jan N. The Early Greek Concept of the Soul. New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1983. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1515/9780691219356.

CASWELL, Caroline. P. A study of “thumos” in early Greek epic. Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, 1990. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1163/9789004329102.

CHANTRAINE, Pierre. Dictionnaire étymologique de la langue grecque:

Histoire des mots. Paris, 1977.

CLARK, Matthew. Formulas, Metre and Type-scenes. In: FOWLER, R. (Ed.). The Cambridge Companion to Homer. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. p. 114-138.

CLARKE, Michael. Flesh and Spirit in the Songs of Horner: A Study of Words and Myths. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1999.

HOMER. Iliad: Homeri Opera in five volumes. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1920. Disponível em: http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/ hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.01.0133. Acesso em: 07 jul. 2021.

HOMER. The Odyssey with an English Translation by A. T. MURRAY. Cambridge: Harvard University Press; London: William Heinemann, 1919. 2 v. Disponível em http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc

=Perseus:text:1999.01.0135. Acesso em: 07 jul. 2021.

HOSE, Martin; SCHENKER, David. A Companion to Greek Literature. 1. ed. Oxford: Wiley-Blackwell, 2015. DOI: https://doi. org/10.1002/9781118886946.ch0.

NAGY, Gregory. Greek Mythology and Poetics. New York: Cornell University Press, 1990.

ONIANS, Richard B. The Origins of European Thought: About the Body, the Mind, the Soul, the World, Time, and Fate. 8. ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1951.

ROHDE, Erwin. Psyche, the Cult of Souls and Belief in Immortality Among the Greeks. London: Routledge, 1925. Disponível em: https:// archive.org/details/x-psyche-soul-immortality. Acesso em: 07 jul. 2021.

RUPPENTHAL NETO, Willibaldo. A psyché entre os gregos: do mito homérico às concepções pré-socráticas. 2014. Monografia (Licenciatura em História) – Setor de Ciências Humanas, Letras e Artes, Universidade Federal do Paraná, Curitiba, 2014. Disponível em: https://acervodigital. ufpr.br/handle/1884/60225. Acesso em: 07 jul. 2021.

RUSSO, Joseph; SIMON, Bennett. Homeric Psychology and the Oral Epic Tradition. Journal of the History of Ideas, [s. l.], v. 29, n. 4, p. 483- 498, 1968. DOI: https://doi.org/10.2307/2708290.

SNELL, B. Homer’s View of Man. In: JONG, Irene J. F. DE (Ed.). Homer:

Critical Assessments. 1. ed. Nova Iorque: Routledge, 1999. v. 2.

SNELL, B. The Discovery of The Mind: The Greek Origins of European Thought. 8. ed. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1953.

VIDAL-NAQUET, P. O mundo de Homero. Tradução Jônatas Batista Neto. 1. ed. São Paulo: Companhia das Letras, 2002.

WALLACE, Wes. Psychological concepts in prehistoric Greece. In: DEPETRO, Emily; WHITAKER, Harry (Ed.). Approaches to a History of Western Psychology. 4. ed. Marquette, MI: Northern Michigan University, 2014. p. 22-53. Disponível em: https://web.archive.org/ web/20160618073634/https://commons.nmu.edu/facwork_book/5/. Acesso em: 07 jul. 2021.

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Publicado

2022-01-20

Como Citar

Lourenço, E. C. (2022). O Aparato Mental Homérico sob as Perspectivas de Onians, Bremmer e Clarke. Nuntius Antiquus, 17(2), 305–327. https://doi.org/10.35699/1983-3636.2021.35612

Edição

Seção

Estudos filológicos e clássicos