A (META)METAFÍSICA DA CIÊNCIA

O CASO DA MECÂNICA QUÂNTICA NÃO RELATIVISTA

Autores

Palavras-chave:

Metametafísica, Metafísica e ontologia, Mecânica quântica, Metafísica da ciência

Resumo

Tradicionalmente, ser realista sobre algo significa crer na existência independente desse algo. Em termos ontológicos, isto é, acerca do que há, o realismo científico pode ser entendido como envolvendo a adoção de uma ontologia que seja cientificamente informada. Mas, segundo alguns filósofos, a atitude realista deve ir além da ontologia. A forma como essa exigência tem sido entendida envolve fornecer uma metafísica para as entidades postuladas pela ciência. Discutimos como duas abordagens em voga encaram o desafio de fornecer uma metafísica para a ciência: uma forma de naturalismo e a abordagem Viking/Toolbox. Por fim, apresentamos uma terceira via, que adota o melhor das duas abordagens: o método metapopperiano, que foca em descartarmos quais as alternativas erradas, ou melhor dizendo, os perfis metafísicos incompatíveis com certas teorias. Apresentamos o método metapopperiano, um método de metametafísica capaz de avaliar objetivamente quais os perfis metafísicos que são incompatíveis com certas teorias científicas. Para isso, usaremos como estudo de caso a mecânica quântica, mostrando resultados obtidos previamente.
Com esse método, podemos ver como a ciência pode ser usada para evitar o erro em questões metafísicas. Essa seria, na nossa opinião, uma forma de desenvolver uma relação produtiva entre ciência e metafísica.

Downloads

Não há dados estatísticos.

Referências

ARENHART, J. R. B. “Bridging the Gap Between Science and Metaphysics, with a Little Help from Quantum Mechanics”. In: J. D. Dantas; E. Erickson; S. Molick (eds.), 2019, pp. 9–33.

______. “Ontological frameworks for scientific theories”. Foundations of science, 17/4, 2012, pp. 339–356.

______. “The received view on quantum non-individuality: formal and metaphysical analysis”. Synthese, 194/4, 2017, pp. 1323–1347.

ARENHART, J. R. B., ARROYO, R. W. A. “Back to the question of ontology (and metaphysics)”. Manuscrito, 44/2, 2021b, pp. 1–51.

______. “On physics, metaphysics, and metametaphysics”. Metaphilosophy, 52/2, 2021a, pp. 175–199.

______. “The spectrum of metametaphysics Mapping the state of art in scientific

metaphysics”. Veritas, 66/1, 2021c, pp. 1–21.

ARROYO, R. W. “Discussions on physics, metaphysics and metametaphysics: Interpreting quantum mechanics”. Tese de doutorado. Florianópolis: UFSC, 2020a.

______. “Is Coronavirus an object? Metametaphysics meets medical sciences”, Voluntas, 11/5, 2020b, pp. 1–8.

ARROYO, R. W., ARENHART, J. R. B. “Between physics and metaphysics: A discussion of the status of mind in quantum mechanics”. In: J. de Barros; C. Montemayor (eds.), 2019, pp. 31–42.

______. “Floating free from physics: The metaphysics of quantum mechanics”. Preprint,

a, [Online]. Disponível em: http://philsci-archive.pitt.edu/18477 (Acessado em 31 de maio de 2021).

______. “Realismo e metafísica na mecânica quântica”. In: G. Imaguire; R. Cid (eds.), 2020b, pp. 269–309.

ARROYO, R. W., DA SILVA, G. O. “Against ‘Interpretation’: Quantum Mechanics Beyond Syntax and Semantics”. Axiomathes, 2021 [Online]. Disponível em: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10516-021-09579-y (Acessado em 31 de maio de 2021).

ARROYO, R. W., NUNES FILHO, L. M. “On Quantum Mechanics, Phenomenology, and Metaphysical Underdetermination”. Principia, 22/2, 2018, pp. 321–337.

BENOVSKY, J. “Meta-metaphysics On Metaphysical Equivalence, Primitiveness, and Theory Choice”. Fribourg: Springer, 2016.

BIGAJ, T., WÜTHRICH. (eds.). “Metaphysics in Contemporary Physics”. Leiden: Brill/Rodopi, 2015.

BLATTI, S., LAPOINTE, S. (eds.). “Ontology after Carnap”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2016.

BRANDING, K., SKILES, A. “Underdetermination as a Path to Structural Realism”. In: E. M. Landry; D. P. Rickles (eds.), 2012, pp. 99–116.

BRYANT, A. “Keep the chickens cooped: the epistemic inadequacy of free range metaphysics”. Synthese, 197/5, 2020a, pp. 1867–1887.

______. “Naturalisms”. Think, 19/5-6, 2020b, pp. 35–50.

BUENO, O. “Is There a Place for Consciousness in Quantum Mechanics?” In: J. de Barros; C. Montemayor (eds.), 2019, pp. 129–139.

CALLENDER, C. “Philosophy of Science and Metaphysics”. In: S. French; J. Saatsi (eds)., 2011, pp. 33–54.

CHAKRAVARTTY, A. “A metaphysics for scientific realism: Knowing the unobservable”. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2007.

______. “Scientific ontology: Integrating naturalized metaphysics and voluntarist epistemology”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

DANTAS, J. D., ERICKSON, E., MOLICK, S. (eds.). “Proceedings of the 3rd Filomena Workshop”. Natal: PPGFIL UFRN, 2019.

DE BARROS, J., MONTEMAYOR, C. “Quanta and Mind: Essays on the Connection between Quantum Mechanics and the Consciousness”. Cham: Springer, 2019.

______. “Where Does Quanta Meet Mind?” In: J. de Barros; C. Montemayor (eds.), 2019, pp. 55–66.

DE BARROS, J., OAS, G. “Can we falsify the consciousness-causes-collapse hypothesis in quantum mechanics?”. Foundations of Physics, 47/10, 2017, pp. 1294–1308.

DÜRR, D., LAZAROVICI, D. “Understanding Quantum Mechanics: The World According to Modern Quantum Foundations”. Cham: Springer, 2020.

FREIRE JUNIOR, O., PESSOA JUNIOR, O. F., BROMBERG, J. (eds.). “Teoria quântica: estudos históricos e implicações culturais”. São Paulo: Livraria da Física, 2011.

FRENCH, S. “Between Humeanism and Dispostionalism; or, How to Construct a Modal Framework for Modern Science by Appropriating Metaphysical Devices”. New Trends in the Metaphysics of Science. Paris: Metascience, 2015.

______. “Defending eliminative structuralism and a whole lot more (or less)”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 74, 2019, pp. 22–29.

______. “Hacking away at the identity of indiscernibles: Possible worlds and Einstein’s principle of equivalence”. The Journal of Philosophy, 92/9, 1995, pp. 455–466.

______. “Realism and Metaphysics”. In: J. Saatsi (ed.), 2018a, pp. 394–406.

______. “The structure of the world: Metaphysics and representation”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2014.

______. “There Are No Such Things As Theories: Interview by Richard Marshall”. 3:16, End Times Series, 2020 [Online]. Disponível em: https://www.3-16am.co.uk/articles/there-are-no-such-things-as-theories?c=end-timesseries (Acessado em 31 de maio de 2021).

______. “Toying with the Toolbox: How Metaphysics Can Still Make a Contribution”. Journal for the General Philosophy of Science, 49, 2018b, pp. 211–230.

FRENCH, S., KRAUSE, D. Identity in physics: A historical, philosophical, and formal analysis. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2006.

FRENCH, S., MCKENZIE, K. “Rethinking Outside the Toolbox: Reflecting Again on the Relationship between Philosophy of Science and Metaphysics”. In: T. Bigaj; W. Wüthrich (eds.), 2015, pp. 25–54.

______. “Thinking outside the toolbox: Towards a more productive engagement between metaphysics and philosophy of physics”. European journal of analytic philosophy, 8/1, 2012, pp. 42–59.

FRENCH, S., SAATSI, J. (eds.). “The Continuum Companion to the Philosophy of Science”. London: Continuum, 2011.

GUAY, A., PRADEU, T. “Right out of the box: How to situate metaphysics of science in relation to other metaphysical approaches”. Synthese, 197/5, 2020, pp. 1–20.

HOFWEBER, T. “Carnap’s Big Idea”. In: S. Blatti; S. Lapointe (eds.), 2016, pp. 13–30.

IMAGUIRE, G., CID, R. “Problemas de Metafísica Analítica”. Pelotas: NEPFIL Online, 2020.

LADYMAN, J., ROSS, D. “Every Thing Must Go: Metaphysics Naturalized”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

LANDRY, E. M., RICKLES, D. P. “Structural Realism: Structure, Object, and Causality.” Dordrecht: Springer, 2012.

LOWE, J. E. “The possibility of metaphysics: Substance, identity, and time”. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1998.

MAGNUS, P. D. “Scientific Enquiry and Natural Kinds: From Planets to Mallards”. New York: Palgrave-Macmillan, 2012.

MAUDLIN, T. “Philosophy of physics: Quantum theory”. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2019.

MAUDLIN, T. “The metaphysics within physics”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2007.

MCKENZIE, K. “A curse on both houses: Naturalistic versus A Priori metaphysics and the problem of progress”. Res Philosophica, 97/1, 2020, pp. 1–29.

MORGANTI, M., TAHKO, T. E. “Moderately naturalistic metaphysics”. Synthese, 194/7, 2017, pp. 2557–2580.

PESSOA JUNIOR, O. F. “O fenômeno cultural do misticismo quântico”. In: O. Freire Junior; O. Pessoa Junior e J. Bromberg (eds.), 2011, pp. 281–302.

QUINE, W. v. O. “On Carnap’s Views on Ontology”. Philosophical Studies, 2/5, 1951. pp. 65–72.

RODRIGUES, J. G. “There are no good objections to substance dualism”. Philosophy, 89/2, 2014, pp. 199–222.

ROSS, D., SPURRETT, D. “What to say to a skeptical metaphysician: A defense manual for cognitive and behavioral scientists”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 27/5, pp. 603–627, 2004.

SAATSI, J. (ed.). “The Routledge Handbook of Scientific Realism”. New York: Routledge, 2018a.

SCHLOSSHAUER, M., KOFLER, J., ZEILINGER, A. “A snapshot of foundational attitudes toward quantum mechanics”. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part B: Studies in History and Philosophy of Modern Physics, 44/3, 2013, pp. 222–230.

SLATER, M., YUDELL, Z. (eds.). “Metaphysics in the Philosophy of Science”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2017.

STAPP, H. P. “Mind, matter and quantum mechanics”. Berlin/Heidelberg: Springer, 2009.

TAHKO, T. E. “An introduction to metametaphysics”. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2015.

THOMSON-JONES, M. “Against Bracketing and Complacency: Metaphysics and the Methodology of the Sciences”. In: M. Slater; Z. Yudell (eds.), 2017, pp. 229–250.

WALLACE, D. “The emergent multiverse: Quantum theory according to the Everett interpretation”. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2012.

Downloads

Publicado

2022-08-30

Como Citar

Arroyo, R., & Arenhart, J. R. B. (2022). A (META)METAFÍSICA DA CIÊNCIA: O CASO DA MECÂNICA QUÂNTICA NÃO RELATIVISTA. Revista Kriterion, 63(152). Recuperado de https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/kriterion/article/view/27049

Edição

Seção

Artigos