Os quatro grandes desafios ao modelo de Ciência Aberta: (des)acreditação, informalidade, comodificação e predação

Autores

  • Tiago Lima Quintanilha CIES-IUL - Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia (ESPP), ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.17851/1983-3652.12.2.202-213

Palavras-chave:

ciência aberta, desafios, (des)acreditação, informalidade, comodificação, predação.

Resumo

RESUMO:O modelo de Ciência Aberta, erguido da vontade de democratizar a produção e acesso ao conhecimento científico, surgiu no início do novo milênio como forma de combater o obsoletismo e fechamento da cultura acadêmica tradicional. Mais de uma década depois, cedendo não só às suas fraquezas idiossincráticas, como também à indústria parasitária e do lucro, o modelo de Ciência Aberta passou a enfrentar quatro grandes desafios que são simultaneamente um problema de (des)acreditação do conhecimento produzido, de informalidade das estruturas de avaliação e validação, de comodificação do conhecimento, e de predação do modelo de acesso aberto. Neste texto tentamos perceber aquilo que está na base desses desafios.

PALAVRAS-CHAVE: ciência aberta; desafios; (des)acreditação; informalidade; comodificação; predação.

 

ABSTRACT: The Open Science model arose in the beginning of the new millennium from the will to democratize the production and access to scientific knowledge, as a means to fight the obsolete/closed character of traditional academic culture. After more than a decade, conceding not only to its own idiosyncratic weaknesses, but also to a profit-seeking industry, the open science model now simultaneously faces four major challenges: the (dis)accreditation of the scientific knowledge produced, the informality of its validation structures, the commodification of knowledge, and the predation of the open access model. In this essay, we try to understand the basis of these challenges.

KEYWORDS: open science, challenges; (dis)accreditation, informality, commodification; predation.

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Biografia do Autor

Tiago Lima Quintanilha, CIES-IUL - Centro de Investigação e Estudos de Sociologia (ESPP), ISCTE-Instituto Universitário de Lisboa

Tiago is currently enrolled as a Ph.D. candidate in Communication Sciences at ISCTE-IUL. His research interests include studies in media, journalism and open science. He served as a research assistant at the Media Observatory in Lisbon (OberCom) and served as journal manager at the OBS* Observatorio e-journal from 2009 to 2016. He collaborated with the Research Centre in Economic and Organizational Sociology at the Lisbon School of Economics & Management; the Regulatory Authority for the Media (ERC) as well as with the Reuters Institute for the Study of Journalism on the project Digital News Report Portugal (2015 & 2016). In his research and consultancy career he has co-authored 70 research reports in the field of media and communication studies, 3 books, 13 book chapters and 12 peer-reviewed original scientific articles in topics ranging from radio innovation and newspaper industrial dynamics to digital advertising and the redefinition of the networked public sphere. His work has been recognised by two academic merit-based scholarships and his doctoral research is supported by the Portuguese Foundation for Science and Technology (FCT).

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Publicado

2019-07-22

Como Citar

LIMA QUINTANILHA, T. Os quatro grandes desafios ao modelo de Ciência Aberta: (des)acreditação, informalidade, comodificação e predação . Texto Livre: Linguagem e Tecnologia, Belo Horizonte-MG, v. 12, n. 2, p. 202–213, 2019. DOI: 10.17851/1983-3652.12.2.202-213. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/textolivre/article/view/16850. Acesso em: 27 nov. 2021.

Edição

Seção

Ensino Superior e Tecnologia