Traumatic dental injury in primary teeth and socioeconomic factors

a critical literature review


  • Paula Remigio Gomes Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Jéssica Madeira Bittencourt Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Letícia Pereira Martins Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Saul Martins Paiva Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais
  • Cristiane Baccin Bendo Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais



Tooth injuries, Social class, Socioeconomic factors, Child, preschool


Aim: To verify the association between socioeconomic factors and traumatic dental injuries in preschool children in primary dentitions.

Methods: A bibliographic search was made in the PubMed electronic database, following a keyword combination strategy. There were no restrictions regarding the year of publication, type of study, and place where it was performed. The selection of the studies was achieved in two steps: through the process of reading the titles and abstracts and by obtaining and reading the complete selected articles.

Results: From the 94 articles that were found, 16 were eligible for inclusion in the literature review. Of these, 13 articles met all of the proposed methodology criteria. Most of the studies were conducted in Brazil. The age of the children did not exceed 6 years. Statistically significant associations between the prevalence of traumatic dental injury in the primary dentition and socioeconomic factors were found in 4 articles.

Conclusion: The majority of studies found no association between dental trauma in primary dentition and socioeconomic status.

Uniterms: Tooth injuries. Social class. Socioeconomic factors. Child, preschool.


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Corrêa-Faria P, Martins CC, Bönecker M, Paiva SM, Ramos-Jorge ML, Pordeus IA. Absence of an association between socioeconomic indicators and traumatic dental injury: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Dent Traumatol. 2015;31(4): 255- 66.

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Siqueira MB, Gomes MC, Oliveira AC, Martins CC, Granville-Garcia AF, Paiva SM. Predisposing factors for traumatic dental injury in primary teeth and seeking of post-trauma care. Braz Dent J. 2013;24(6):647-54.

ElKarmi RF, Hamdan MA, Rajab LD, Abu Ghazaleh SB, Sonbol HN. Prevalence of traumatic dental injuries and associated factors among preschool children in Amman, Jordan. Dent Traumatol. 2015;31(6):487 92.

Bendo CB, Scarpelli AC, Vale MP, Zarzar PM. Correlation between socioeconomic indicators and traumatic dental injuries: a qualitative critical literature review. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(4):420-25.

Piovesan C, Guedes RS, Casagrande L, Ardenghi TM. Socioeconomic and clinical factors associated with traumatic dental injuries in Brazilian preschool children. Braz Oral Res. 2012;26(5):464-70.

Agostini BA, Pinto LT, Koehler M, Emmanuelli B, Piovesan C, Ardenghi TM. Trend of traumatic crown injuries and associated factors in preschool children. Braz Oral Res. 2016;30(1):e112.

Corrêa-Faria P, Paiva SM, Pordeus IA, Ramos-Jorge ML. Influence of clinical and socioeconomic indicators on dental trauma in preschool children. Braz Oral Res. 2015;29(1):1-7.

Robson F, Ramos-Jorge ML, Bendo CB, Vale MP, Paiva SM, Pordeus IA. Prevalence and determining factors of traumatic injuries to primary teeth in preschool children. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(1):118-22.

Jorge KO, Moysés SJ, Ferreira e Ferreira E, Ramos-Jorge ML, de Araújo Zarzar PM. Prevalence and factors associated to dental trauma in infants 1-3 years of age. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(2):185-9.

Berti GO, Hesse D, Bonifácio CC, Raggio DP, Bönecker MJ. Epidemiological study of traumatic dental injuries in 5- to 6-yearold Brazilian children. Braz Oral Res. 2015;29(1):1-6

Goettems ML, Azevedo MS, Correa MB, Costa CT, Wendt FP, Schuch HS, et al. Dental trauma occurrence and occlusal characteristics in Brazilian preschool children. Pediatr Dent. 2012;34(2):104-7.

Dutra FT, Marinho AM, Godoi PF, Borges CM, Ferreira EF, Zarzar PM. Prevalence of dental trauma and associated factors among 1- to 4-year-old children. J Dent Child. 2010;77(3):146-51.

Feldens CA, Kramer PF, Vidal SG, Faraco Junior IM, Vítolo MR. Traumatic dental injuries in the first year of life and associated factors in Brazilian infants. J Dent Child. 2008;75(1):7-13.

Feldens CA, Kramer PF, Ferreira SH, Spiguel MH, Marquezan M. Exploring factors associated with traumatic dental injuries in preschool children: a Poisson regression analysis. Dent Traumatol. 2010;26(2):143-8.

Chalissery VP, Marwah N, Jafer M, Chalisserry EP, Bhatt T, Anil S. Prevalence of anterior dental trauma and its associated factors among children aged 3–5 years in Jaipur City, India – A cross sectional study. J Int Soc Prev Community Dent. 2016;6(1):S35-40.

Andreasen JO, Ravn JJ. Epidemiology of traumatic dental injuries to primary and permanent teeth in a Danish population sample. Int J Oral Surg. 1972;1(5): 235-9.

Zadik D. A survey of traumatized primary anterior teeth in Jerusalem preschool children. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1976;4(4):149-51.

Baghdady VS, Ghose LJ, Enke H. Traumatized anterior teeth in Iraqi and Sudanese children--a comparative study. J Dent Res. 1981;60(3):677-80.

Llarena del Rosario ME, Acosta Alfaro VM, Garcia-Godoy F. Traumatic injuries to primary teeth in Mexico City children. Endod Dent Traumatol. 1992;8(5):213-4.

Al-Majed I, Murray JJ, Maguire A. Prevalence of dental trauma in 5–6 and 12–14-year old boys in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Dent Traumatol. 2001;17(4):153–8.

Saroglu I, Sönmez H. The prevalence of traumatic injuries treated in the pedodontic clinic of Ankara University, Turkey, during 18 months. Dent Traumatol. 2002;18(6):299– 303.

Skaare AB, Jacobsen I. Primary tooth injuries in Norwegian children (1-8 years). Dent Traumatol. 2005;21(6):315-9.

Rodríguez JG. Traumatic anterior dental injuries in Cuban preschool children. Dent Traumatol. 2007;23(4):241-2.

Lam R, Abbott P, Lloyd C, Lloyd C, Kruger E, Tennant M. Dental trauma in an Australian rural centre. Dent Traumatol. 2008;24(6):663-70.

Aldrigui JM, Jabbar NS, Bonecker M, Braga MM, Wanderley MT. Trends and associated factors in prevalence of dental trauma in Latin America and Caribbean: A systematic review and meta analysis. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2014;42(1):30 42.

Ferreira JM, Fernandes de Andrade EM, Katz CR, Rosenblatt A. Prevalence of dental trauma in deciduous teeth of Brazilian children. Dent Traumatol. 2009;25(2):219-23.



How to Cite

Gomes, P. R., Bittencourt, J. M., Martins, L. P., Paiva, S. M., & Bendo, C. B. (2020). Traumatic dental injury in primary teeth and socioeconomic factors: a critical literature review. Arquivos Em Odontologia, 56.




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