Revisão Sistemática de Trabalhos sobre Concepções de Natureza da Ciência no Ensino de Ciências

Palavras-chave: concepções de ciência, instrumentos de pesquisa, listas de aspectos de NdC, revisão sistemática, tendências de pesquisa, visão consensual.

Resumo

A natureza da ciência (NdC) tem sido apontada como um componente importante do ensino de ciências, pois o conhecimento sobre a ciência pode contribuir para a tomada de decisões do cidadão contemporâneo. Há poucos trabalhos de revisão com caráter quantitativo no campo da educação em ciências. Dada a importância do tema e considerando a necessidade de organizar e compreender o conhecimento produzido pelas pesquisas sobre concepções de NdC, realizamos uma revisão sistemática, segundo os princípios do PRISMA, a fim de quantificar e iniciar uma reflexão sobre (i) as tendências de publicação de trabalhos sobre concepções de NdC, (ii) as principais características desses trabalhos, (iii) os aspectos de NdC frequentemente elencados como importantes para o ensino e (iv) as principais estratégias usadas para acessar as concepções de NdC. Analisamos 396 artigos publicados até fevereiro de 2015, nos periódicos de Ensino e Educação da lista WebQualis 2013. Nossa revisão sistemática representou um esforço inicial para expor um panorama geral da área e permitiu identificar tendências e lacunas de pesquisa. Esforços de investigação são necessários para o levantamento de concepções de NdC no contexto brasileiro e associados ao ensino de disciplinas específicas. Encontramos 25 aspectos de NdC relatados como importantes para o ensino, abordamos parte do debate acerca dos consensos e das listas de aspectos de NdC e trouxemos características gerais dos principais questionários usados para o levantamento de concepções de NdC.

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Biografia do Autor

Nathália Helena Azevedo, Universidade de São Paulo
Programa de Pós-Graduação Interunidades em Ensino de Ciências
Daniela Lopes Scarpa, Universidade de São Paulo
Instituto de Biociências, Departamento de Ecologia

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Publicado
2017-08-31
Como Citar
Azevedo, N. H., & Scarpa, D. L. (2017). Revisão Sistemática de Trabalhos sobre Concepções de Natureza da Ciência no Ensino de Ciências. Revista Brasileira De Pesquisa Em Educação Em Ciências, 17(2), 579-619. https://doi.org/10.28976/1984-2686rbpec2017172579
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