Audiovisual electroacoustic music for VR




Audiovisual electroacoustic music, Virtual reality in art, Musical composition


This article aims to define the development of audiovisual electroacoustic music for virtual reality (VR) as an emerging artistic expression. Revisiting concepts and terminologies by several authors (Gibbs, 2007; Leite, 2004; Lima, 2011; Fry, 1920) in relation to the most diverse audiovisual manifestations, we consolidated Hill's definition (2010) and expanded it to a specific reproduction system, VR, as the most appropriate for our object of study. The maintenance of what we call extrinsic space (Henriksen, 2002) in this type of manifestation makes it possible to consolidate it as a musical parameter. First studies in audiovisual electroacoustic music for VR are presented as result of doctoral work.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

Fabio Wanderley Janhan Sousa , Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Doctor and Master in Music - Sonology (School of Music at UFMG), also has an MA in Music and Technology (University of York – England). Graduated in Composition and Music Education (UFMG) and has training as Electronics' Technician (CEFET-MG). During his studies, participated in extension and scientific initiation projects, taught topics in music and technology, and was monitor of undergraduate disciplines. Has been working professionally for 18 years in audio recording, editing, mixing and mastering, having completed more than 80 CDs and DVDs, as well as sound reinforcement and recording of various events in Brazil and abroad, as well as in the live broadcast of concerts by Radio UFMG Educativa and several other concerts via digital streaming platforms. Has publications in proceedings of ANPPOM, AES Brasil, AES UK, Sysmus, Nas Nuvens, and papers at Unicamp's Sonora and Opus. He is currently a substitute professor in the area of ​​Composition and Music and Technology at UFRN, works as a sound engineer at Hi-Fi Audio Solutions and as an audiovisual laboratory technician at the UFMG Music School.



Wikipedians. 2010. VJing. Greyscale Press.

Baalman, Marije. 2010. “Spatial Composition Techniques and Sound Spatialization Technologies”. In.: Organised Sound, 15 (3) 209-218. United Kingdom: Cambridge Press.

Begault, Durand. R. 2000. 3-D Sound for Virtual Reality and Multimidia. Moffett Field, California: Ames Research Center / NASA.

Berry, Venise, e Vanessa Shelton. 1999. “Watching Music Interpretations of Visual Music Performance”. In.: Journal of Communication Inquiry, 23 (2): 132-151. SAGE Social Science Collections.

Bethônico, Jalver. 1995. “Comunicação visual e comunicação sonora: uma relação semiótica.” Master dissertation, Minas Gerais, BR: Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais.

Bethônico, Jalver. 2001. A Articulação dos Signos Audiovisuais. Doctoral dissertation, São Paulo, BR: Pontifícia Universidade Católica.

Borém, Fausto. 2016. “MaPA e EdiPA: Duas Ferramentas Analíticas para as Relações Texto-Som-Imagem em Vídeos de Música”. In.: Musica Theorica, Salvador: TeMA: 1-37.

Bregman, Albert S. 1990. Auditory Scene Analysis: The Perceptual Organization of Sound. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Chion, Michel. 1994. Audio-Vision: Sound On Screen. Ed. Claudia Gorbman. New York: Columbia University Press.

Cook, Nicholas. 1998. Analyzing musical multimedia. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Evans, Brian. 2005. “Foundations of a Visual Music”. In.: Computer Music Journal, 29 (4): 11-24. Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Ferreira, Aurélio Buarque de Holanda. 1986. Novo Dicionário da Língua Portuguesa. 2. ed. re. aum. Rio de Janeiro: Nova Fronteira.

Fry, Roger Eliot. 1920. Vision and Design. London: Chatto & Windus.

Gibbs, Tony. 2007. The Fundamentals of Sonic Art and Sound Design. Switzerland: Ava.

Henriksen, F.E. 2002. “Space in electroacoustic music: composition, performance and perception of musical space.” Doctoral dissertation, London, UK: City University.

Hill, Andrew. 2010. “What is Electroacoustic Audio-Visual Music? Nomenclature and Cognition”. In.: Proceedings of Sound, Sight, Space and Play. Anais. De Montford University Leicester, United Kingdom.

Holmes, Thom. 2008. Electronic and experimental music: technology, music, and culture. 3rd ed. New York: Routledge.

Kasulin, Aitana. 2015. “Video-música entre la conceptualización y la práctica.” Master dissertation, Buenos Aires, AR: Universidad de Buenos Aires.

Kwastek, Katja. 2013. Aesthetics of Interaction in Digital Art. Cambridge: MIT Press.

Leite, Vania Dantas. 2004. Relação som/imagem: um estudo da relação som/imagem na produção musical eletroacústica de compositores brasileiros atuantes no Rio de Janeiro: do gesto instrumental tradicional às interfaces interativas em tempo real. Doctoral dissertation, Rio de Janeiro, BR: Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

Lima, Marcelo Carneiro de. 2011. Vídeo-Música. Doctoral dissertation, Rio de Janeiro, BR: Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro.

Menezes, Flo. 1996. Música Eletroacústica: História e estéticas. São Paulo: Fundação Editora da UNESP.

Menezes, Flo. 1998. Atualidade estética da música eletroacústica. São Paulo: Fundação Editora da UNESP.

Murray, Christopher Brent. 2016. “Olivier Messiaen’s Timbres-durées”. In.: Dingle, C. e Fallon, R. (ed.). Messiaen Perspectives 1: Sources and Influences. New York: Routledge.

Rekvelt, Joost. 2019. Light matters: the origin of the term visual music.

Sanches, Alexandre Martinello. 2010. “Estruturação Audiovisual Através de Qualidades Morfológicas.” Master dissertation, São Paulo, BR: Unicamp.

Santaella, Lucia. 2001. Matrizes da linguagem e pensamento: Sonora, Visual, Verbal. Aplicações na hipermídia. São Paulo: Iluminuras / Fapesp.

Schulz, B. 1999. Silent Music. Ed. Robin Minard. Heidelberg: Kehrer Verlag.

Schaeffer, Pierre. 2010. Ensaio sobre o rádio e o cinema: estética e técnica das artes-relé 1941-1942. Trad.: Carlos Palombini. Belo Horizonte: Editora UFMG.

Tagg, 1982. “Analysing popular music: theory, method and practice”. In.: Popular Music, 2: 37-65.

Vande Gorne, A. 2002. “L’interprétation spatiale”. In.: Revue DEMéter- Revue Électronique, Université de Lille-3.



How to Cite

Sousa , Fabio Wanderley Janhan. 2021. “Audiovisual Electroacoustic Music for VR”. Per Musi, no. 41 (August):1-19.



Articles in Portuguese/Spanish