The relation between Music and Attention

foudations, neuroscientific evidence and rehabilitation




Music, Attention, Cognitive musicology, Neuroscience, Musical training


This paper presents a review in the areas of cognitive musicology, neuroscience and music therapy in the field of music and attention. The text is divided into three sections that group a review of related studies: (a) Theoretical foundations of attention and music; (b) Neuroscientific evidence on attention and music; (c) Therapeutic applications of music in attention. Studies of cognitive musicology show that perceptual groupings and expectations are determining factors for the recruitment of the various dimensions of attention. Neuroimaging exams, neuropsychological tests and studies on rhythmic synchronicity add neuroscientific evidence about the strong relationship between music and attention. The evidence reported in this study demonstrates that music can be used in a therapeutic context with beneficial effects for people with impaired attention or as a resource to distract attention from painful sensations or stressful situations.


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Author Biographies

Verônica Magalhaes Rosario, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

PhD in Neurosciences from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (2019). Master in Music from the Federal University of Minas Gerais (2015). She has Specialization in Innovative Methodologies Applied to Education with specificity in Special Education from the International Faculty of Curitiba (2005), Degree in Music from the School of Music and Fine Arts of Paraná (2004),Bachelor of Music Therapy from the Faculty of Arts of Paraná (2003) and Piano Technical Course from the Brazilian Conservatory of Music (1997). She is Assistant Professor at the Federal University of Minas Gerais, member of the commission of the Workers' Forum of FETSUAS-MG and member of the commission of the Statute and Internal Regulations of UBAM. She has experience in the area of music therapy, music education, special education, domestic violence, geriatrics and development of assessment instruments in the context of music therapy.

Cybelle Maria Veiga Loureiro, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

PhD in Medicine knowledge area Applied Sciences to Surgery and Ophthalmology - Faculty of Medicine-UFMG (2009); Master in Music knowledge area Music Education - School of Music - UFMG (2005); Bachelor in Music Therapy - University of Iowa (1991); Bachelor in Music Piano Instrument - Conservatório Musical Carlos Gomes (1975); Representative of Latin America at the World Federation of Music Therapy-WFMT (2009-2014); Member of the Commission on Training and Clinic at WFMT (2014); Professor of Music Therapy at the Federal University of Minas Gerais (2009), Program Director of the Bachelor in Music Therapy (2009); Permanent Professor at PPG in Neurosciences - ICB-UFMG line of research: neurosciences, music and arts (2011); Permanent Professor of the PPG in Music - EM-UFMG (2011) Sonology area. Experience in the area of ​​Music and Music Therapy, acting mainly in the areas: sonology, neurosciences, neurological music therapy; special musical education; physical disability; West syndrome; multiple sclerosis; optic neuritis; neuromyelitis; neonatology; neurodevelopment delay; Parkinson's; Alzheimer's; semantic dementia and palliative care.

Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Brazil

Psychologist, Doctor in Education, Post-Doctor in Educational Psychology. Coordinator of the Cognitive Architecture Research Laboratory (LAICO). Professor at the Department of Psychology, at the Graduate Program in Psychology, Cognition and Behavior and at the Graduate Program in Neuroscience at the Federal University of Minas Gerais. It works mainly on the following topics: Psychometry and Machine Learning, analysis of large-scale educational databases, investigations on architecture and cognitive development, construction and validation of psychological and educational measurement instruments, intervention and cognitive development. Member of the ANPEPP WG, Cognitive and Neuropsychological Assessment in the bienniums 2014-2015, 2016-2017, 2018-2019. Member of the ANPEPP Psychometrics GT, in the biennium 2020-2021. Associate Researcher at the National Science for Education Network (CpE). CNPq Productivity Scholarship, level 2, 2014-2016 triennium, 2017-2019 triennium, 2020-2022 triennium.


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How to Cite

Rosario, Verônica Magalhaes, Cybelle Maria Veiga Loureiro, and Cristiano Mauro Assis Gomes. 2021. “The Relation Between Music and Attention: Foudations, Neuroscientific Evidence and Rehabilitation”. Per Musi, no. 40 (June):1-18.



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