Uma proposta de arquitetura distribuída para votação eletrônica

Autores

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.1590/1983-3652.2023.42204

Palavras-chave:

Eleição, Sistema de votação eletrônico, E-voting, Consenso, Sistemas distribuídos

Resumo

Processos de votação manual apresentam dois principais problemas: a confiabilidade do resultado e a demora na contagem dos votos. Para fraudar a eleição, isto é, alterar a quantidade de votos dos candidatos, um atacante pode substituir cédulas com votos para outros candidatos por cédulas com votos para o candidato a ser beneficiado. Nesse cenário, a segurança do processo eleitoral depende fortemente do controle de acesso físico empregado às urnas. Por outro lado, sistemas de votação eletrônico (e-voting) são conhecidos pela agilidade na contagem dos votos, bem como têm potencial para aumentar a segurança do processo eleitoral. Entretanto, ambas as soluções apresentam desafios em relação à transparência, segurança e sigilo do voto. Este trabalho apresenta os requisitos conceituais e tecnológicos para uma eleição eletrônica segura, propõe uma solução distribuída para votação eletrônica, apresenta suas limitações e algumas possibilidade de trabalho futuro. Por fim, são requeridos mais estudos para a implementação da solução, principalmente em relação ao sigilo do voto e incoercibilidade.

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Publicado

06-04-2023

Como Citar

SOARES, J. M.; VASCONCELOS, R. O. Uma proposta de arquitetura distribuída para votação eletrônica. Texto Livre, Belo Horizonte-MG, v. 16, p. e42204, 2023. DOI: 10.1590/1983-3652.2023.42204. Disponível em: https://periodicos.ufmg.br/index.php/textolivre/article/view/42204. Acesso em: 16 jun. 2024.