Os valores das notícias e a fonte de informação: o discurso da elite e a personalização na imprensa digital
Palavras-chave:discourse; eliteness; information source; news values; personalisation.
This paper proposes a corpus-based examination of the discourse of eliteness and personalisation news values in the information source. To that end, the study compares digital news in British and Spanish corpora. The results reveal a tendency to quote elites, which are frequently constructed by means of recognised names from politics, inanimate references with broad scope and role labels in apposition. To a lesser extent, prestige is construed through status-indicating modifiers and allusion to place of work. Ordinary sources, however, are usually construed via indication of provenance, reference to family relationship and anaphoric allusions, mostly in British sources. It remains to be clarified whether the construal of these values is in consonance with the editorial stance of the newspaper.
ALLERN, S. Journalistic and commercial news values news organizations as patrons of an institution and market actors. Nordicom Review, v. 23, n. 1, p. 137-152, 2011.
BEDNAREK, M. Voices and values in the news: News media talk, news values and attribution. Discourse, Context and Media, v. 11, p. 27-37, 2016.
BEDNAREK, M., CAPLE, H. The Discourse of News Values. New York: OUP, 2017.
BELL, A. The Language of News Media. Oxford: Basil Blackwell, 2001.
BELL, A. Leaving home: De-Europeanisation in a post-colonial variety of broadcast news language. In: KRISTIANSEN, T.; COUPLAND, N. (ed.). Standard Languages and Language Standards in a Changing Europe. Oslo: Novus, 2011. p. 177-198.
BEN-AARON, D. Given and news: Evaluation in newspaper stories about national anniversaries. Text, v. 25, n. 5, p. 691-718, 2005.
BLANCO-GÓMEZ, M. Encoding writer’s attitudinal stance. In: MARÍN-ARRESE, J. (ed.). Perspectives on Evidentiality and Modality. Madrid: Editorial Complutense, 2004. p. 245-266.
BOYD, A. Broadcast Journalism Techniques of Radio and Television News. Oxford: Focal Press, 2001.
BRIGHTON, P.; FOY, D. News Values. London: Sage, 2007.
CAPLE, H. News Values and Newsworthiness. In: ORNEBRING, H. (ed.). Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Communication. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2018.
COTTER, C. News Talk. Investigating the Language of Journalism. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2010.
CURRAN, J.; SEATON, J. Power without Responsibility: The Press, Broadcasting, and New Media in Britain. London: Routledge, 2003.
DE NIES, T.; D'HEER, E.; COPPENS, S.; VAN DEURSEN, D.; MANNENS, E.; PAULUSSEN, S.; VAN DE WALLE, R. Bringing newsworthiness into the 21st century. Web of Linked Entities Workshop (WoLE), p. 106-117, 2012.
FOWLER, R. Language in the News: Discourse and Ideology in the Press. London and New York: Routledge, 1994.
GALTUNG, J.; RUGE, M. H. The structure of foreign news. Journal of Peace Research, v. 2, n. 1, p. 64-91, 1965.
GANS, H. Deciding What’s News: A Study of “CBS Evening News,” “NBC Nightly News,” Newsweek, and Time. New York: Pantheon, 1979.
GOLDING, P., ELLIOT, P. Making the News. London: Longman, 1979.
GUO, Q. Perceptions of news value: comparative research between China and the United States. China Media Research, v. 8, n. 2, p. 26-35,  2012.
HARCUP, T.; O’NEILL, D. What Is News? Galtung and Ruge revisited. Journalism Studies, v. 2, n. 2, p. 261-280, 2001.
HARRISON, J. News. London: Routledge, 2006.
HJARVARD, S. The study of news production. In: JENSEN, K. (ed.). A Handbook of media and communication research: qualitative and quantitative methodologies. London and New York: Routledge, 2012. p. 87-105.
KISUKE, C. An investigation of the role of news values in the selection of news sources in a contemporary third world newspaper: a case study of the Daily Nation. 2004. MA thesis, Rhodes University, 2004.
KUO, S. Language and ideology: analyzing quotations in Taiwanese news discourse. Journal of Asian Pacific Communications, v. 17, n. 2, p. 281-301, 2007.
LAMPROPOULOU, S. Greece will decide the future of Europe: The recontextualisation of the Greek national elections in a British broadsheet newspaper. Discourse & Society, v. 25, p. 467-482, 2014.
LEDIN, P. The prime minister, Ingvar Carlsson, he or Ingvar? Anaphoric expressions in newspaper discourse. Nordic Journal of Linguistics, v. 19, n. 1, p. 55-80, 1996.
LEECH, G.; SHORT, M. Style in Fiction: A Linguistic Introduction to English Fictional Prose. Edinburgh: Pearson, 2007.
LIPPMANN, W. Public Opinion. New York: The Free Press, 1922.
LOZADA, C. 200 journalism cliches – and counting. Washington Post, 2014. Available at https://www.washingtonpost.com/news/opinions/wp/2014/02/27/the-outlook-list-of-things-we-do-not-say/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.84719f85005e. Accessed on: 2 November 2017.
MAÑOSO-PACHECO, L. Reporting the Source of Information in the British and Spanish Press: A Taxonomy of Expressions. In: CARRETERO, M.; DOMÍNGUEZ, E.; LAVID-LÓPEZ, J.; MARTÍN DE LA ROSA, M. V.; MARÍN-ARRESE, J.; PÉREZ, M. (ed.). Evidentiality and Modality in European Languages. Bern, Switzerland: Peter Lang, 2017, p. 139-168.
MAÑOSO-PACHECO, L. Gender asymmetries in news reports. Miscelánea: A Journal of English and American Studies, v. 57, p. 121-139, 2018.
MASTERTON, M. Asian journalists seek values worth preserving. Asia Pacific Media Educator, v. 16, n. 6, p. 41-48, 2005.
MENZ, F. Manipulation strategies in newspapers: A program for critical linguistics. In: WODAK, R. (ed.). Language, Power and Ideology: Studies in Political Discourse. Amsterdam: John Benjamins, 1989. p. 227-249.
MONTGOMERY, M. The Discourse of Broadcast News. A Linguistic Approach. London and New York: Routledge, 2007.
O’NEILL, D.; HARCUP, T. News values and selectivity. In: WAHL-JORGENSEN, K.; HANITZSC, T. (ed.). The Handbook of Journalism Studies. New York and London: Routledge, 2009. p. 161-174.
RANDALL, D. The Universal Journalist. London: Pluto, 2000.
REAH, D. The Language of Newspapers. London and New York: Routledge, 2001.
RICHARDSON, J. Analysing Newspapers. An Approach from Critical Discourse Analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2007.
SEMINO, E. Language in newspapers. In: CULPEPER, J.; KATAMBA, F.; KERSWILL, P.; WODAK, R.; MCENERY, T. (ed.). English Language: Description, Variation and Context. London: Palgrave Macmillan, 2009. p. 439-453.
SERGEANT, J. Give me Ten Seconds. London: Macmillan, 2001.
SHOEMAKER, P. News and newsworthiness: A commentary. Communications, v. 31, n. 1, p. 105-111, 2006.
STAAB, J. The role of news factors in news selection: A theoretical reconsideration. European Journal of Communication, v. 5, p. 423-443, 1990.
STENVALL, M. Unnamed sources as rhetorical constructs in news agency reports. Journalism Studies, v. 9, n. 2, p. 229-243, 2008.
VAN DIJK, T. News as Discourse. Hillsdale and New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, 1988.
VAN LEEUWEN, T. J. Discourse and Practice – New Tools for Critical Discourse Analysis. New York: Oxford University Press, 2008.
VIS, K. Subjectivity in news discourse: A corpus linguis
Este trabalho está licenciado sob uma licença Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Este é um artigo em acesso aberto que permite o uso irrestrito, a distribuição e reprodução em qualquer meio desde que o artigo original seja devidamente citado.